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Week 44: Green hydrogen and its applications

liquid green hydrogen vessel

In this weeks news update you can read about EU finding for a hydrogen demonstration vessel, millions in investments for green hydrogen project in Spain and a MOU between partners to explore using hydrogen to power a data centre park in Singapore. You can also read about green ammonia production and construction start of a fuelling station for trains.



EU funding for hySHIP

The maritime innovation project HySHIP has been granted eight million euros in EU funding. The project involves designing and construction a demonstration vessel running on liquid green hydrogen. Read the press release here.

liquid green hydrogen vessel

Source: Wilhelmsen


2050: 23 percent of electricity used to produce hydrogen

Statnett forecasts that 23 percent of the electricity in Europe will be used to produce hydrogen in 2050. Read the full article here


Iberdrola and Feriberia with €1,8 billion investment

The two companies Iberdrola and Feriberia have announced a new partnership and propose a plan for installation of 800 MW of green hydrogen production capacity in Spain by 2027. However, they are seeking funding from the European Recovery Fund before they go ahead with the project. Read the full article here.


MOU for hydrogen powered data centre park

Keppel Data Centres Holding Pte, City Gas and City-OG Gas Energy Services has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to explore using liquified natural gas and hydrogen to power Keppel’s Floating Data Centre Park in Singapore. The project is in the exploration phase, and you can read the full article here.

Hydrogen data centre Source: Keppel Data Centres

Source: Keppel Data Centres


From fossil to renewable hydrogen in ammonia production

Ørsted and Yara partner up to replace fossil hydrogen with renewable hydrogen in the Netherlands in the production of ammonia. The project could be operational in 2024/2025. Read the article here.

Yara green hydrogen ammonia

Yara’s Sluiskil plant where they want to replace fossil hydrogen with green hydrogen. Source: Yara


First hydrogen station for trains under construction in Germany

The 500 million euro project will fuel the world’s largest fleet of hydrogen trains, according to German public transport operator Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund. Read the article here. 

alstom hydrogen train

The station will fuel 27 of Alstom’s hydrogen-powered Coradia iLint’s. Source: Alstom.

We are testing a new structure for our news update. If you have any feedback, please e-mail us at greensight@greensight.no.

Do you want to be updated on the development in the hydrogen market? Sign up for our news letter here. Contact us for an overview of existing and planned projects in Norway and the world: greensight@greensight.no


Week 42: Hydrogen projects

Hydrogen production project

It is finally Friday and we present the highlights from the past week. The EU Horizon 2020 project Haelous will demonstrate hydrogen production in Berlevåg, Norway, while Enapter plans to build a mass-production facility for its AEMs. You can also read about a solar and hydrogen energy solution for a preschool in Sweden and a Power-to-X project in the Netherlands. 

Future plans for hydrogen production in Berlevåg

Haelous, an EU Horizon 2020 project, will demonstrate hydrogen production form windpower in Berlevåg.  The wind park at Raggovidda has a concession for 200 MW, where only 45 MW have been built because of the export limitations. 2nd October Haelous partner Varanger Kraft informed that they plan to produce one ton hydrogen/day by electrolysis in the demonstration period. The wind park’s owner, Varanger Kraft, released on Wednesday their long-term plan for the exploitation of the hydrogen that will be produced in Berlevåg.

 The ammonia production plant will have a capacity of 110 000 tons a year, and could be ready by 2025. This would imply a hydrogen production capacity of about 50 tons a day, or 50 times the Haeolus project and about 125 MW of electrolysers. The main application is to supply ammonia to Svalbard as compensation for coal power. The demand at Svalbard alone is too low for cost-efficient ammonia production. ZEEDS is looking into the possibility of using the ammonia produced at Berlevåg as green fuel for ships.  


Mass-production facility for AEMs in Germany

Enapter, a company that designs and manufacture highly efficient hydrogen generators, has this week revealed plans to build its first mass-production facility for AEMs (Anion exchange membrane) in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The «Enapter Campus» will include both production centre and research and development facilities. The new production site will be capable of production of more than 100 000 AEM electrolyser modules per year.

The construction is planned to begin in early 2021, and the Campus is expected to be operational in 2022. The Enapter Campus will be using renewable energy provided by Saebeck’s solar, wind and biomass plants, and from the Campus’ own solar arrays and hydrogen storage systems.

The AEM technology is patent-protected by Enapter. The AEM electrolyser use a semipermeable membrane to allow anions to pass, in contrary to a PEM electrolyser that let protons pass the membrane. This results flexbility, fast response time high current density and high purity hydrogen. This type of electrolyser does not require expensive noble metal catalysts materials or large amount if titanium. The electrolysers has a hydrogen production rate at 1,1 kg/hour, resulting in a capacity of about 26 kg/day.

Enapter electrolyser AEM hydrogen production

Enapter’s electrolyser has a capacity of 1kg per hour. Source: Enapter


Preschool with a solar and hydrogen energy solution

Construction company Serneke is, in collaboration with Mariestad municipality, building a preschool with a solar and hydrogen solution. The total costs of the project is SEK 65 million, and the preschool will be the first of its kind in Sweden. Construction will start this month in Mariestad, and the preschool will be built on the same property as the old Kronoparksskolan was located. The project is expected to be completed by January 2022.

Nilsson Energy is the supplier for the energy solution where solar cells will be installed at the roof. Hydrogen will be produced by surplus electricity, and the production and storage will take place outside the school building. Hydrogen gas will be converted to electrical and thermal energy during the dark periods of the year. 

preschool hydrogen energy solution

Illustration of the preschool with a solar and hydrogen energy solution . Source: Serneke


Power-to-X pilot project in the Netherlands

The Dutch energy company Alliander has contracted Green Hydrogen Systems (GHS) to supply electrolysers for for their large-scale Power-to-X pilot project in the Netherlands. The pilot is under construction at the Ecomunitypark in Oosterwolde. The contract covers the supply of three alkaline electrolysers with a combined capacity of 1,4 MW.

Solar-farm developer GroenLeven is also involved in this project. The electrolysers will be used to convert excess solar or wind energy into hydrogen, and the hydrogen will be stored and sold for use in transportation, industry, heating and other areas.


Hydrogen podcasts

Listening to podcasts is a good way to learn something new or to get an update on something you are interested in. We want to introduce you to three podcasts that has  energy and hydrogen on the agenda:

Greenpod (Norwegian)

Greenstats’s brand new Greenpod. New episodes are just around the corner. You can find the podcast here.

AksjeSladder (Norwegian)

The episode is about hydrogen and the development of hydrogen in the maritime sector, transport sector and the industry. Listen here

H2Podcast: Everything About Hydrogen (English)

Everything About Hydrogen is a podcast that converts the technical to the relatable and explores how hydrogen and its derivative technologies may change the energy world as we know it. Listen here.

Do you want to be updated on the development in the hydrogen market? Sign up for our news letter here. Contact us for an overview of existing and planned projects in Norway and the world: greensight@greensight.no

Week 40: Hydrogen production and applications

Siemens hydrogen production Wundsiedel Energy Park

In this weeks newsletter, we have bad news for the hydrogen environment in Vestland, Norway: The politicians have decided that it will be no zero-emission requirements for the high-speed passenger ferries by 2024, as previously decided. We can also read about hydrogen production plants, hydrogen-powered cabins at construction sites and hydrogen trains. Lastly, ZeroAvia has reported a world’s first flight with a hydrogen-powered commercial plane.


No zero-emission requirement for high-speed passenger ferries

The politicians of the County municipality of Vestland decided in December 2019 that the four high-speed passenger ferries between Bergen and Indre Sogn, and Bergen and Nordfjord should be emission-free by 2024. This week the same politicians decided not to apply a zero-emission requirement from 2024 after all, but instead the tender with the best combination between cost and emissions will win. This will most likely result in hybrid diesel/battery systems to be the winners, thus halting the developement of hydrogen systems. Ship designer LMG Marin is not happy about the announcement, and says the decision will decelerate the ongoing development on zero-emission vessels. They are part of a consortium that have been developing a zero-emission hydrogen soulution for these connections, called Zeff, and estimate that they so far have spent 21 million NOK on the consept, that now might be a waste.   

Both politicians and industry have previously thought that hydrogen was a suited solution for these routes and that this could contribute to the technology development in Norway. Instead, the politicians want to announce a pilot contract for one zero-emission vessel, that will be tested outside ordinary operation.


Large scale hydrogen production plant in Germany

Siemens has revealed plans to build one of the largest hydrogen production plants in Germany. The plant will be located in the Wundsiedel Energy Park in the north of Bavaria, with an initial capacity to produce more than 900 tonnes of hydrogen per year in the first phase.

Groundbreaking is scheduled for the end of 2020 and commissioning at the end of 2021. The plant will run on renewable energy and produce green hydrogen by PEM electrolysis. The hydrogen will be filled into gas cylinders for local distribution and shipped by truck to local and regional end customers. The plant will also provide flexibility for the grid. A public hydrogen filling station for trucks and buses  may be added later at the same location.

Siemens hydrogen production Wundsiedel Energy Park

Wundsiedel Energy Park. Source: Siemens


Green hydrogen production plant in France

Lyhfe Hydrogen has begun the construction of a renewable hydrogen production plant in Bouin, France. The production is estimated to start in May 2021, producing green hydrogen from the Bouin wind turbines by electrolysis. The investment of the project is 6 million euros,  and the plant has a production capacity of 300 kilograms per day, with plans to double and triple the capacity in the nearest future. This gives a yearly capacity of 110 tonnes, and the production plant will be a small plant compared to the 900 tonnes a day plant in Germany.


Hydrogen-powered cabins to cut emissions at construction sites

UK-based HS2 has trialled solar and hydrogen-powered welfare cabins at some of their construction sites to cut carbon emissions. The EasyCabin EcoSmart ZERO product may be the first solar and hydrogen-powered welfare unit of its kind.

Solar energy and hydrogen is combined to reduce emissions. Data were gathered from 16 deployed cabins over a 21-week period. The hydrogen technology replaces traditional diesel power systems, resulting in savings of 112 tonnes of carbon during the period.


Hydrogen trains in Britain and the Netherlands

A hydrogen-powered train has travelled on Britain’s rail network for the first time. The prototype Hydroflex travelled a 25-mile round trip, reaching speeds up to 50 mph. The aim is to carry paying passengers by end of 2021.

In March, Alstom completed tests for their Corodia iLint hydrogen train in the Netherlands. The report was released this week, and states that Alstom’s train has met the four objectives of the test frame: authorisation to run on the Dutch railway network, fully zero emission,  perfectly fitting the commercial service, and quick and easy refuelling.


World’s first hydrogen-powered commercial aircraft takes to skies

Hydrogen-powered aircrafts were on the agenda last week. Just hours after we published our news update, ZeroAvia could report that their hydrogen-powered six-seater Piper M-class plane had completed a successful 20 minutes flight above Bedfordshire. ZeroAvia aims to make hydrogen planes available commercially in three years.

Do you want to be updated on the development in the hydrogen market? Sign up for our news letter here. Contact us for an overview of existing and planned projects in Norway and the world: greensight@greensight.no

Week 39: Hydrogen-powered aircrafts and MW electrolysers

AirbusZeroe blending wing body hydrogen-powered

Several companies have unveiled plans within hydrogen-powered aircraft this week. Green hydrogen is also presented as one of five priority technologies in Australia. We can also read about hydrogen filling solutions for trains and hydrogen production in Taiwan and Nottinghamshire.


Hydrogen-powered passenger jet

European aerospace giant Airbus has unveiled a concept called ZEROe for three possible aircraft types that run on a combination of hydrogen combustion and hydrogen-powered fuel cells. The goal is to have at least one zero-emission commercial airplane on the market by 2035. A fully scale prototype is estimated to arrive by late 2020. According to its plan, Airbus needs to launch the ZEROe aircraft programme by 2025.

The ZEROe concepts are named Turbofan, Turboprop and Blended-Wing-Body. They will be powered by modified gas-turbine engines that burn liquid hydrogen as fuel, while they at the same time will use hydrogen fuel cells to create electrical power that complements the gas turbine. Each of the different concepts have a slightly different approach to integrate the liquid hydrogen storage and distribution system.

Air travel is responsible for two percent of the worldwide carbon emissions, but aviation is a sector that is challenging to decarbonise. Batteries for larger electronic planes would be too heavy, and hydrogen can be a better solution. Airbus estimates that hydrogen has the potensial to reduce CO2 emission in aviation by up to 50 percent.


Partnership on hydrogen-powered aviation

Power Plug and Universal Hydrogen are partnering up to develop a hydrogen fuel cell-based propulsion system designed to power commercial regional aircraft. The partnership aims to certify and fly the world’s first two megawatt hydrogen-electric aircraft powertrain.

The technology will enable a converted mid-sized regional turboprop aircraft to fly up to 1000km. The propulsion system will include a lightweight Plug Power ProGen-based hydrogen fuel cell stack and Universal Hydrogen’s modular hydorgen distrobution and fuell cell delivery system. The partnership is the first step toward establishing a complete ecosystem for the aviation market.


Australia: Green hydrogen one of five priority technologies

Morrison Government’s first Low Emissions Technology Statement was presented this week and green hydrogen was presented as one of five priority technologies. The statement is the first milestone in Australia’s Technology Investment Roadmap, a framework to accelerate technologies that will deliver lower emissions, lower cost and create jobs.

Hydrogen produced under two australian dollars per kilogram is named as a priority technology stretch goal. The Australian Government expects to invest more than 18 billion dollars on low emission technologies over the decade by 2030. Read the full statement here.



 Filling stations for passenger trains

Hydrogen trains were one of the topics in last week’s news update. This week, Fuel Cell Systems, Vanguard Sustainable Transport Solutions and TP Group have joined forces to deliver hydrogen fuelling solutions to the rail industry. The initial focus will be to deploy a portable, modular refuelling solution.

The UK-based companies will explore opportunities for on-site hydrogen generation, storage, dispensing and fuel cell integration into rail rolling stock. Hydrogen infrastructure will be critical to decarbonise the energy sector.


25 MW of electrolysers to Taiwan

John Cockerill, a major player in the production of hydrogen by electrolyser of water, will supply 25 MW of electrolysers for the Taiwanese market. The company reinforces its position among the world leaders of green hydrogen.

The order includes five stacks of five megawatts, for a total capacity of 25 megawatt. The electrolysers will be installed in Taiwan and will serve the semi-conductor’s industry. Hydrogen will be produced at a pace of 5000 Nm3/hour. The electrolysers will be partly fed from renewable energy, preventing an estimated 20 000 tonns of carbon dioxide annual emission.


Green light for Nottinghamshire’s hydrogen energy project

C. A. Strawson Farming has secured planning permission for an electrolyser in Nottinghamshire. An 1,25 MW electrolyser will be located at Featherstone House Farm in Bilsthorpe as a part of the project. The electrolyser will use solar and wind energy produced at the farm, and turn water into green hydrogen. The fuel can be used off-site or by the landowner to power hydrogen farm vehicles.

Do you want to be updated on the development in the hydrogen market? Sign up for our news letter here. Contact us for an overview of existing and planned projects in Norway and the world: greensight@greensight.no

Week 37: Hydrogen and maritime sector

hydrogen maritime sector transport

Hydrogen in the maritime sector is on the agenda this week. The Norwegian Public Roads Administration recommends hydrogen for the ferries on the Vestfjorden-connection, but the Government has not made a decision yet. We can also read about overwhelming interest by shipping companies for a hydrogen bulkcarrier for Norwegian companies, while Ballard introduces a maritime FC-module to power ships. Lastly we’ll have a look at million dollars funding in California and a wind project in Denmark. 


Hydrogen or biogas in Vestfjorden?

Statens Vegvesen (The Norwegian Public Roads Administration) is ready to present a tender on four new hydrogen ferries on the Vestfjorden-connection (connecting the city of Bodø with the famous Lofoten Islands) from 2023. However, the Norwegian Government wants to examine the use of biogas as well before they make any decisions. The Ministry of Transport has not concluded yet, but a conclusion is expected during September. The importance of hydrogen is emphasised in the newly presented Norwegian Hydrogen Strategy, and it has been questioned that the Government does not follow their own strategy and goes all in on biogas on the connection.

This is an important decission for the hydrogen future in Norway. Use of hydrogen can give advantages in the hydrogen market, especially in the maritime sector, and the Vestfjorden-connection can be the second connection with hydrogen ferries in Norway. Todays’ contract on the connection expires in the end of 2022.

ferge hydrogen vestfjorden

MF Landegode, one of the four LNG-ferries operating the rough Vestfjorden-connection today. Source: Torghatten Nord

Hydrogen ferries in Vestfjorden – comments by Zero

Hydrogen ferries in Vestfjorden should be the start of the Norwegian hydrogen investment, and it will be an important step to ensure a hydrogen value chain in Norway. The organisation Zero says that a hydrogen powered connection over Vestfjorden will ensure a large enough volume of hydrogen to get the first large-scale hydrogen production in operation.

The hydrogen ferries will be the first of many projects within hydrogen in maritime and transport sector. The demand on zero-emission in the ferry tenders has put the Norwegian maritime cluster in a world leading position within green technology. Zero supports The Norwegian Public Roads Administration’s recommendation with hydrogen in Vestfjorden, and the Government should do the same. 


Overwhelming interest for hydrogen bulkcarrier

Felleskjøpet Agri and Heidelberg Cement challenges shipping companies to new thinking  and  zero-emission bulkcarriersIn practice, shipowners have to go for liquid hydrogen or ammonia produced with zero emissions, and the response has been overwhelming, according to the companies. 

The use of  biofuel in 50 years old diesel engine technologies is not innovative enough for the companies, according to the Chartering Manager of Heidelberg Cement North Europe. Felleskjøpet Agri and Heidelberg Cement announced in July that they will offer a 20 years contract to the shipping company that can offer them a zero emission bulkcarrier by 2023. They will choose the best suited shipping company by December, for further development of detailed solutions in spring 2021.

Heidelberg Cement is transporting 500 000 tons of stones and gravels from Western to Eastern Norway, while Felleskjøpet Agri transports grains the opposite direction. The ship is calculated to use one ton of hydrogen each day, with possible bunkering opportunities in Rogaland County or in the Oslo Fjord.


Ballard introduces zero-emission FC-module to power ships

This week Ballard Power Systems announced the launch of the fuel cell industry´s first module designed for primary propulsion power in marine vessels. The fuell cell product FCwave is a 200 kW module unit that can be scaled up to muli-megawatt power level.

The FCwave can be used to power marine vessels such as passenger and car ferries, river push boats and fishing boats. It can also be used as stationary electrical power to support hotel and auxiliary load on cruise ships and other vessels while docked at port. The International Maritime Organization has set  targets to lower emissions by 50 percent by 2050 in the marine sector. This product could be a game changer for the introduction of hydrogen to the maritime area.

Hydrogen maritime sector fuelcell

Source: Ballard


California approves 39,1 million dollars for hydrogen stations

California Energy Commission regulators have approved 39,1 million dollars of funding for a total of 36 hydrogen stations to service passenger vehicles. The funds were awarded to FirstElement, Iwanti and Shell. Another 87 stations were also recommended for funding, meaning California could have 123 new hydrogen stations. The state has currently 42 hydrogen stations opened. 


Wind-to-Hydrogen project  one step closer to production

Siemens Gamesa is partnering up with Green Hydrogen Systems (GHS) for a wind-to-hydrogen project in Denmark. The production of hydrogen is scheduled to start in January 2021 and the project involves a three megawatt Siemens wind turbine that will power a GHS elecrolyser.

The green hydrogen will be stored and used for subsequent distribution and used as fuel for hydrogen-powered buses, taxis and cars, while the oxygen will be released into the atmosphere.

Do you want to be updated on the development in the hydrogen market? Sign up for our news letter here. Contact us for an overview of existing and planned projects in Norway and the world: greensight@greensight.no

Week 36: Hydrogen Production and Infrastructure

Green hydrogen production facility

It is finally friday and it is time for an update on the hydrogen market. We are gaining more and more international readers, and from this week we will write the news in English to reach a broader audience. First out in this weeks update is HyFuel aiming for establishing of a hydrogen production plant in Florø. We can also read about planned hydrogen production facilities abroad, Norwegian companies that want to build a dual-cable for hydrogen and electricity, and ZERO’s  challenge to Norwegian Government.


Joint venture for hydrogen in Florø, Norway

INC Invest AS and Sogn og Fjordane Energi AS have founded the company HyFuel aiming for establishing of a hydrogen production plant in Fjord Base in Florø. The building of the plant at Fjord Base is planned to commence during 2021. The company will supply  hydrogen and Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier (LOHC) to the maritime industry in Norway and internationally.

HyFuel will develop, own and operate the plant for the production of hydrogen and LOHC, as well as the delivery and utilisation of the by-products oxygen and heat. Gasnor is invited to be an equal co-owner of the company.


Green hydrogen facility in North Sea Port

VOLTH2 will build a green hydrogen plant with storage, refuelling and distribution facilities in North Sea Port in Vlissingen, Netherlands. The company envisages the construction of a 25 MW electrolysis unit with production capacity of 3600 tonnes of green hydrogen annually.

Local filling stations can also be supplied by the integrated hydrogen storage. The facility can in the long term be expanded up to 100 MW with a potential of 14 000 tonnes green hydrogen annually.

green hydrogen production

Source: VOLTH2


Largest PEM electrolyser in the United States

Cummins Inc., global technology and power solution provider, will provide its five megawatt PEM electrolyser to enable renewable hydrogen for the Douglas County Public Utility District in Washington state. The electrolyser is expected to be operational in 2021 at the Baker Flats Industrial Park. The electrolyser will be powered by hydroelectricity producing green hydrogen with no emissions.

The new green hydrogen facility allows Douglas County PUD to manufacture commercial hydrogen using electrolysis to harvest hydrogen from water from Wells Dam on Columbia River. They want to store the excess energy that they would typically sell off to the market at a financial loss, or not harness at all. The hydrogen also creates new market opportunities outside their typical service area.


Dual delivery of hydrogen and electricity from offshore parks

Nexans and Sintef want to make a submarine cable with dual delivery of hydrogen and electricity. The project goes under the name Hydro-El, and the companies wants to make a dynamic system that can transport both hydrogen and electricity. They want to make a movable umbilical (a control cable). There is no offshore infrastructure for hydrogen transport today. Usually hydrogen is transported by pipes onshore or by ship.

There are several challenges transporting hydrogen: both hydrogen embrittlement and ocean motions has to be considered in the design of the cable. An umbilical is built of several smaller individual elements that are twisted together to make it more flexible. Submarine cables are one of six attractive business areas in Norway, according to the newly presented NHO’s report from last weeks news.


Hydrogen can cut millions of tons of CO2

ZERO present three points that has to be implemented to realise hydrogen projects: Tools for new value chains in the industry, a market for zero emissions materials, and a strategic commitment in the Norwegian climate policy.

The worlds first pilot project for zero emission steel production opened last week, and many important hydrogen projects is planned in Norway as well. The risk of such projects are reduced through financial support, development of value chains, access to risk capital and greener export financing. ZERO is challenging the Norwegian government and policy makers to exploit the opportunity to make a business of the Norwegian climate policy, emphasising hydrogen as an obvious opportunity.

Do you want to be updated on the development in the hydrogen market? Sign up for our news letter here. Contact us for an overview of existing and planned projects in Norway and the world: greensight@greensight.no

Uke 35: Stålproduksjon, transport og hydrogenalliansen

hydrogen stålproduksjon

Det er fredag og tid for en nyhetsoppdatering. IEEFA har denne uken publisert en rapport der det kommer frem at den globale hydrogenproduksjonen vil være mye mindre enn etterspørselen i 2030. Vi kan lese om hydrogenbasert stålproduksjon i både Tyskland og Sverige, i tillegg til at det presenteres 35 hybrid-busser og to fyllestasjoner i Tyskland. Til slutt kan vi lese om nye medlemmer til den nyetablerte hydrogenalliansen til EU.


IEEFA: Ikke stor nok hydrogenproduksjon i 2030

IEEFA, instituttet for energiøkonomiske og finansielle analyser, estimerer at over 50 gjennomførbare hydrogenprosjekter har blitt presentert det siste året. Basert på analysen av de 50 prosjektene, estimeres det at den globale hydrogenproduksjonen vil være på tre millioner tonn hydrogen årlig innen 2030. Imidlertid vil etterspørselen kreve ytterligere 8,7 millioner tonn hydrogen. IEEFA tror i tillegg det vil bli nødvendig å utsette flere prosjekter på grunn av usikker finansiering, fellesforetak med tungvint organisering og høye kostnader for hydrogentransport til havs.

Det vil være nødvendig med økt støtte oppunder hydrogenprosjekter for at hydrogen kan være et nøkkelelement i energiovergangen. Hydrogen regnes som avgjørende for å dekarbonisere sektorer innen tungindustri og tungtransport. Du kan lese den fulle rapporten her.


Hydrogenbasert stålproduksjon i Tyskland

De tyske selskapene Dillinger og Saarstahl steel group har startet Europas første hydrogenbaserte stålproduksjon. Selskapet bruker hydrogenrik coke-gass som et viktig steg på veien mot en grønn stålproduksjon, der karbonutslippene kan reduseres ved å erstatte karbon med hydrogen i masovnen. Det har blitt investert 14 millioner euro i coke-ovnen. Det ligger nå til rette for at man i fremtiden kan erstatte coke-gassen med grønt hydrogen. 

stålproduksjon hydrogen

Kilde: Dillinger

Stålproduksjon i Sverige

Det er ikke bare i Tyskland det satses på stål. Mandag 31.august starter driften av verdens første fossilfrie og hydrogendrevne stålproduksjonen i Sverige. Gjennom prosjektet HYBRIT skal CO2-utslippet reduseres i stålindustrien ved å erstatte kull med hydrogen i produksjonsprosessen.

I første omgang er det snakk om et pilotanlegg. SSAB, LKAB og Vattenfall står bak prosjektet og vil har en målsetting om en løsning for fossilfri stålproduksjon innen 2035. 

Hydrogenbusser og infrastruktur i Tyskland

Regionalverkehr Köln GmbH (RVK), representanter fra BMVI, europakommisjonen og Rehein-Sieg-Kreis presenterte denne uken 35 hybrid hydrogenbusser og  to fyllestasjoner som skal utplasseres i Rhein-Sieg-området.

Den ene hydrogenstasjonen vil befinne seg i Meckenheim og ti av de 35 hybridbussene vil benytte seg av denne fyllestasjonen. Den andre fyllestasjonen vil være lokalisert i Wermelskirchen. De resterende bussene vil brukes på RVKs lokasjoner i Wermelskirchen og Bergisch Gladbank.


Nye medlemmer av European Clean Hydrogen Alliance

Denne uken kan vi lese om at flere nye selskaper har blitt en del av den europeiske hydrogenalliansen. Linde, E.ON og Verbund er de nyeste medlemmene, og de ønsker å bringe sin ekspertise inn i alliansen. European Clean Hydrogen Alliance er en bred allianse som skal sikre hjemlig produksjon av ren gass for å få omstilt Europa til et nullutslippsamfunn innen 2050.


Kilde: Europakommisjonen

Vil du holde deg oppdatert på utviklingen i hydrogenmarkedene? Du kan melde deg på vårt nyhetsbrev her. Kontakt oss for en oversikt over eksisterende og planlagte prosjekter i Norge og verden: greensight@greensight.no

Uke 34: Hydrogen ett av seks satsingsområder

hydrogen ferge norge nullutslipp

Denne uken skal vi innom flere norske saker. 2021 er et år mange i hydrogenmiljøet har sett frem til: det er året Norges første hydrogenferge skal bli satt i drift, og denne uken gir Norled oss en statusoppdatering for prosjektet. I tillegg blir hydrogen trukket frem som én av seks grønne næringer som Norge bør satse på. Til slutt skal vi ut i verden og se på noen saker fra USA, Sør-Korea og Australia.

Hydrogenferger til Norge

Etter planen skal Norges første hydrogenferge være i drift i løpet av 2021. Norled har til sammen fire ferger under bygging i Tyrkia, der den ene vil benytte flytende hydrogen som drivstoff, og en anne blir klargjort for å benytte komprimert hydrogen. Skrogene til hydrogenfergene skal etter planen taues til Norge i september og november. Det er Westcon Yard i Ølen som skal bygge ferdig de to hydrogenfergene som skal settes i drift på to ulike samband i Rogaland.

På Rv 13 Hjelmeland-sambandet skal den ene fergen ha 100 prosent batteridrift, og den skal etter planen settes i drift i mai 2021. Den andre fergen skal gå minst 50 prosent av tiden på flytende hydrogen, resten på batteri. Hydrogenfergen vil bli satt i drift i løpet av høsten 2021, men det kan bli forsinkelser på grunn av korona-pandemien.

Den andre hydrogenfergen kommer på Finnøy-sambandet, men vil den første tiden gå på tradisjonell diesel-mekanisk framdrift. Fergen er derimot forberedt for ombygging til hydrogendrift (komprimert) på et seinere tidspunkt. Ombyggingsprosjektet har støtte av EUs Flagship-program, men det er foreløpig ikke tatt endelig beslutning om at fergen vil bli bygget om.

hydrogen ferge norge nullutslipp

Illustrasjon av Norleds hydrogenferge. Kilde: Norled


Hydrogen én av seks grønne næringer Norge bør satse på

NHO, Næringslivets Hovedorganisasjon, har samlet en rekke store norske teknologiaktører for å peke ut hvilke områder Norge bør satse på for å tjene penger på det grønne skiftet. Hydrogen trekkes frem som én av seks grønne næringer Norge bør satse på. De grønne næringene som presenteres er:

  • Fornybar energi globalt
  • Havvind
  • Batterier
  • Hydrogen
  • Maritim sektor
  • Kraftsystem og lading på veier

Innenfor disse områdene kan omsetningspotensialet for norske aktører være over 32 milliarder euro i 2030, i følge NHOs analyser. Innen hydrogen anbefales det at Norge satser på produksjon av elektrolysører, lagringsutstyr og fyllestasjoner. Det vil være størst lønnsomhet innen produksjon av elektrolysører, lagringsutstyr og systemløsninger, samt produksjon av hydrogen til maritim transport.


Samarbeid for hydrogendrevne mikrogrid

Ways2H fra California går nå sammen med Local Power for å integrere grønt hydrogen i kommunale mikrogrid. Kommunale mikrogrid gjør det mulig å dekke det lokale energibehovet i nabolag, nettsteder og byer. Prosjektet vil inkludere bærekraftig behandling av avfall gjennom Ways2Hs hydrogenanlegg, som omtalt i en tidligere nyhetsoppdatering. 

1500 tettsteder i USA tilbyr Community Choice Aggregation (CCA)-tjenester, og mange av dem er på jakt etter lokal, billig, troverdig og fornybar energiproduksjon. Ways2H og Local Power vil møte dette behovet med avanserte mikrogrid-løsninger fra hydrogendrevne generatorer, solenergi og batterilagring. Grønne, hydrogenbaserte mikrogrid vil hjelpe lokale myndigheter med å nå sine mål innen klima og fornybar energi.

hydrogen microgrid

Kilde: Ways2H


Hydrogenanlegg i drift i Sør-Korea

Hanwha Energy sitt hydrogenbaserte kraftverk på industriområdet Daesan Industrial Compex i Sør-Korea er nå satt i drift. Kraftverket består av 114 brenselceller og kan generere opp mot 400 000 MWh elektrisitet hvert år. Med dette topper anlegget listen over verdens største industrielle hydrogenbaserte kraftverk.

Hanwha Total Petrochemical produserer opp mot 3000 tonn per time, som deretter pumpes til kraftverket. Kraftverket genererer også 120 000 metriske tonn vanndamp i året, som kondenseres og pumpes tilbake til Hanwha Total Petrochemical.

Da Hanwha Total Petrochemical økte sin produksjon av hydrokarboner, ble det produsert store mengder hydrogen som biprodukt. Dette ble vanligvis brent, men Hanwha Total Petrochemical ønsket å se etter andre løsninger for å redusere sitt karbonutslipp. Hanwha Energy foreslo å resirkulere hydrogenet til å produsere eleketrisitet til anlegget. Konstruksjonen av anlegget begynte i juli 2018 og er det første anlegget som resirkulerer hydrogen på denne måten.


Vest-Australia investerer 22 millioner dollar i hydrogen

For å møte målene satt i Vest-Australias hydrogenstrategi, vil Australia investere 22 millioner dollar for å akselerere hydrogenfremtiden og møte behovene for grønne drivstoff. Som en reaksjon på koronapandemien, vil myndighetene i Vest-Australia styrke hydrogenindustrien og Vest-Australias posisjon som produsent, forbruker og eksportør av hydrogen gjennom WA Recovery Plan.

Investeringene skal blant annet gå til et fornybart mikrogrid i Denham, mobilitetsprosjekt i Pilbara, fyllestasjoner i Jandakot og for å studere blanding av hydrogen i gassnettverket i Vest-Australia. Totalt ni studier og prosjekter vil motta støtte som en del av redningsplanen.

Vil du holde deg oppdatert på utviklingen i hydrogenmarkedene? Du kan melde deg på vårt nyhetsbrev her. Kontakt oss for en oversikt over eksisterende og planlagte prosjekter i Norge og verden: greensight@greensight.no

Uke 33: Hydrogenproduksjon og transport

hydrogen transport nettverk

Den tyske hydrogensatsingen fortsetter, og denne gangen skal det etableres en hydrogenøy i den tyske delen av Nordsjøen. I ukens nyheter kan vi også lese om at selskapene SKYRE og Eta Space ikke nøyer seg med hydrogenproduksjon på jorden, men ønsker å utvikle det første hydrogenanlegget på månen. Flere av ukens nyheter er innen transport: Et selskap fra New Zealand har fått støtte til å etablere et nasjonalt nettverk av fyllestasjoner, 0g Hyundai  har sikret seg tilgang på hydrogen til sine hydrogenbiler i Sydney.


Grønn hydrogenøy i Tyskland

Øyen Heligoland ligger i den tyske delen av Nordsjøen og har som mål om å bli en sentral aktør innen hydrogenproduksjon fra offshore vind. AquaVentus vil lage en hydrogenhub på øyen som i første omgang vil ha en elektrolysør med 30 MW kapasitet. Anlegget vil kunne produsere 2500 tonn grønt hydrogen per år innen 2025.

Prosjektet, som går under navnet AquaPrimus, vil bli bygget innen 2025 og vil være forbundet med øyen via en rørledning for hydrogen. Ifølge selskapet vil kapasiteten på kunstige øyer nær Heligoland vokse opp mot 50 MW innen 2030 og 10 GW innen 2035. Selskapet RWE Renewables støtter initiativet for en hydrogenhub på Heligoland og bidrar med kompetanse til prosjektet. RWE ble nylig en del av den europeiske hydroenalliansen.

hydrogen produksjon offshore vind

Kilde: AquaVentus.eu


Hydrogenanlegg på månen

SKYRE samarbeider med Eta Space for å utvikle det første hydrogenanlegget på månen. Det vil produseres grønt hydrogen, der is fra permanent skyggelagte kratere kan benyttes i elektrolyse. SKYRE vil deretter bruke sin eget komponent H2RENEW for å flytendegjøre hydrogenet for bruk som drivstoff.


Myndighetene støtter nasjonalt nettverk av fyllestasjoner

Hiringa Energy har fått 20 millioner dollar i støtte fra myndighetene for å etablere New Zealands første nasjonale nettverk av fyllestasjoner for hydrogen. Hiringa Energy vil bygge totalt åtte fyllestasjoner i Waikato, Bay of Plenty, Taranaki, Manawatu, Auckland, Taupõ, Wellington og Christchurch.

Alle stasjonene vil være tilgjengelige for tunge kjøretøy som lastebiler og busser, og det forventes at konstruksjonen av fyllestasjonene vil begynne i 2020.  Initiativet vil dekke 95 prosent av tungt trafikkerte ruter på den nordlige og 82 prosent av den sørlige delen av øyen. I fase to av prosjektet skal nettverket utvides med 16 stasjoner innen 2025, før det skal utvides med ytterligere 100 innen 2030 i fase tre.

hydrogen transport nettverk fyllestasjon

Kilde: Hiringa Energy


Hyundai Australia sikret tilgang til hydrogen

Gasselskapet Jemena har signert et memorandum med Hyundai og Coregas om å produsere og levere hydrogen til Hyundais hovedkvarter Macwuarie Park i Australia fra 2021. Hydrogenet vil være produsert fra sol- og vindenergi, og avtalen gjør at Hyundai er ett steg nærmere flere hydrogenbiler i Sydneys gater.

Corgas vil levere det nødvendige utstyret for å kunne fylle og distribuere  hydrogenet, mens hydrogenet vil bli produsert som en del av Jemenas prosjekt Western Sydney Green Gas. Det vil i tillegg bli gjennomført testing av hvordan hydrogen kan lagres og brukes over hele gassnettverket til Jemena.


Asia ledende innen hydrogenbiler

Asia er den ledende verdensdelen for hydrogenbiler. Det er ikke bare innen investeringer og utvikling av infrastruktur Asia er ledende, men også i utviklingen av effektiv teknologi. Spesielt Sør-Korea skiller seg ut, og takket være subsidier solgte Hyundai Nexo 4194 enheter i 2019 i bare Sør-Korea. Det ble totalt solgt  2494 Toyota Mirai i samme år. Til sammenligning ble det solgt én hydrogenbil i Norge i perioden juni 2019 til april 2020. I tillegg har opptil syv ulike byer i Sør-Korea hydrogendrevne busser.

hydrogen hyundai bil transport

Kilde: Hyundai

Vil du holde deg oppdatert på utviklingen i hydrogenmarkedene? Du kan melde deg på vårt nyhetsbrev her. Kontakt oss for en oversikt over eksisterende og planlagte prosjekter i Norge og verden: greensight@greensight.no

Uke 32: Grønt lys for hydrogenprosjekter

havvind grønt hydrogen


Denne uken kan vi lese om at Greenstat skal kartlegge teknologi og pris for offshore hydrogenproduksjon fra havvind. Flere grønne prosjekter har fått grønt lys denne uken: I Australia fortsetter et prosjekt for karbonnegativt hydrogen, mens økt støtte gjør at WESTKÜST100-prosjektet i Tyskland kan igangsettes. Denne uken har vi fått innblikk i den spanske hydrogenstrategien, der det planlegges minst fire gigawatt kapasitet for grønt hydrogen innen 2030. Til slutt kan vi lese om testing av hydrogen til oppvarming i britiske hjem.


Greenstat vil produsere hydrogen på Norges nye havvindfelt

Like før sommeren åpnet regjeringen Sørlige Nordsjø II for havvind-søknader. Greenstat og partnere skal kartlegge både teknologi og pris for offshore elektrolyse, i tillegg til pris for frakt av komprimert eller flytende hydrogen.

Greenstat ser for seg en kombinasjon av å sende strøm til land i Norge eller utlandet, offshore installasjoner og offshore produksjon av hydrogen. De har fått utdelt 500 000 fra Vestland Fylkeskommune til utredning av optimal energibruk fra vindparken, et prosjekt som kjøres frem mot våren 2021. Prosjektet er et samarbeid mellom Aabø Powerconsulting, Æge Energy Solutions, Universitetet i Bergen og Høyskolen på Vestlandet.

Hydrogen kan benyttes i gassform, flytendegjøres eller bli foredlet til ammoniakk. En hydrogen-plattform vil kunne forsyne forbipasserende fartøy og fartøy innen havvindparken eller offshorenæringen. Universitetet i Bergen har søkt om støtte til å forske på ammoniakk som energibærer. Et annet bruksområde for havvind fra området, kan være elektrifisering av olje- og gassinstallasjoner.

havvind grønt hydrogen

Illustrasjon av hydrogenplatform i Sørlige Nordsjø II. Kilde: Greenstat


Verdens første karbonnegative hydrogenprosjekt

Denne uken har australske Hazer tatt en investeringsbeslutning om å fortsette sitt pilotprosjekt for karbonnegativt hydrogen. Det er verdens første prosjekt av sitt slag. Pilotprosjektet har en prislapp på 17 millioner dollar og vil produsere 100 tonn hydrogen og 380 tonn grafitt i året. Noe av hydrogenet vil brukes til å produsere elektrisitet ved hjelp av en brenselcelle.

Biogass hentes ut fra avløpsvann fra avløpsvannanlegget til Woodman Point i Vest-Australia, før det deretter blir konvertert til hydrogen og grafitt. Hazer bruker en jernmalm-katalysator for å splitte biogassen til hydrogen og grafitt. Prosessen er karbonnegativ ettersom den faste grafitten binder opp karbon som ellers ville blitt frigjort som CO2. Pilotprosjektet forventes å være i full drift i midten av 2021.


Grønt lys for grønt hydrogenprosjekt

Konsortiet som står bak WESTKÜSTE100-prosjektet får 30 millioner euro i støtte fra Tysklands departement for økonomi og energi. Det er til nå investert 89 millioner euro i prosjektet. Konsortiet planlegger blant annet å produsere grønt hydrogen, transportere det til gassnettverket og bruke det i industrielle prosesser. Elektrolyseanlegget vil få en kapasitet på 700 MW.

Konsortiet består av EDF Deutschland, Holcim Deutschland, OGE, Ørsted Deutschland, Raffinerie Heide, Heide kommune, Thåuga, thyssenkrupp Industrial Solutions, regionen Heides utviklingsbyrå og Westkåuste University of Applied Science. Støtten gjør at konsortiet kan gå i gang med den første fasen som strekker seg over fem år. I denne fasen vil det bygges en 30 MW elektrolysør for å produsere grønt hydrogen fra offshore vindenergi.

hydrogenprosjekt elektrolysør grønt hydrogen grønt lys



Innblikk i den spanske hydrogenstrategien

Spania planlegger minst fire gigawatt kapasitet for grønt hydrogen innen 2030, i følge den spanske energiministeren. Strategien har enda ikke blitt publisert, men er ute på høring. Tiltakene som planlegges i strategien kan kutte utslipp på 1,1 millioner tonn CO2-ekvivalent og vil koste ni milliarder euro.

Elektrolysørene vil lokaliseres nær forbrukerne for å minimere transport- og lagringskostnader. Det kommer også frem at andelen grønt hydrogen i industrien skal være på 25 prosent innen 2030. Spania planlegger også en utrulling av grønt hydrogen for busser, tog, havner og flyplasser.


Testing av hydrogen til oppvarming i Storbritannia

Tidligere har britiske aktører kunne fortelle at de planlegger en investering på 904 millioner pund for å gå over fra metan til hydrogen og biometan i det britiske gassnettverket. Nå planlegger britiske National Grid  et prosjekt til 10 millioner pund i nordvest England for å teste om hydrogen kan benyttes til oppvarming i hjem og for å redusere drivhusgasser fra industrien.

Fossile brensler, som gass, står for oppvarmingen av 85 prosent av hjemmene i Storbritannia. National Grid håper de kan gå i gang med konstruksjonen i begynnelsen av 2021 og starte prøveperioden i begynnelsen 2022. Den belgiske gassnettverkoperatøren Fluxy og britiske Northern Gas Networks deltar også i prosjektet.

Vil du holde deg oppdatert på utviklingen i hydrogenmarkedene? Du kan melde deg på vårt nyhetsbrev her. Kontakt oss for en oversikt over eksisterende og planlagte prosjekter i Norge og verden: greensight@greensight.no