Week 39: Hydrogen-powered aircrafts and MW electrolysers

AirbusZeroe blending wing body hydrogen-powered

Several companies have unveiled plans within hydrogen-powered aircraft this week. Green hydrogen is also presented as one of five priority technologies in Australia. We can also read about hydrogen filling solutions for trains and hydrogen production in Taiwan and Nottinghamshire.

 

Hydrogen-powered passenger jet

European aerospace giant Airbus has unveiled a concept called ZEROe for three possible aircraft types that run on a combination of hydrogen combustion and hydrogen-powered fuel cells. The goal is to have at least one zero-emission commercial airplane on the market by 2035. A fully scale prototype is estimated to arrive by late 2020. According to its plan, Airbus needs to launch the ZEROe aircraft programme by 2025.

The ZEROe concepts are named Turbofan, Turboprop and Blended-Wing-Body. They will be powered by modified gas-turbine engines that burn liquid hydrogen as fuel, while they at the same time will use hydrogen fuel cells to create electrical power that complements the gas turbine. Each of the different concepts have a slightly different approach to integrate the liquid hydrogen storage and distribution system.

Air travel is responsible for two percent of the worldwide carbon emissions, but aviation is a sector that is challenging to decarbonise. Batteries for larger electronic planes would be too heavy, and hydrogen can be a better solution. Airbus estimates that hydrogen has the potensial to reduce CO2 emission in aviation by up to 50 percent.


 

Partnership on hydrogen-powered aviation

Power Plug and Universal Hydrogen are partnering up to develop a hydrogen fuel cell-based propulsion system designed to power commercial regional aircraft. The partnership aims to certify and fly the world’s first two megawatt hydrogen-electric aircraft powertrain.

The technology will enable a converted mid-sized regional turboprop aircraft to fly up to 1000km. The propulsion system will include a lightweight Plug Power ProGen-based hydrogen fuel cell stack and Universal Hydrogen’s modular hydorgen distrobution and fuell cell delivery system. The partnership is the first step toward establishing a complete ecosystem for the aviation market.


 

Australia: Green hydrogen one of five priority technologies

Morrison Government’s first Low Emissions Technology Statement was presented this week and green hydrogen was presented as one of five priority technologies. The statement is the first milestone in Australia’s Technology Investment Roadmap, a framework to accelerate technologies that will deliver lower emissions, lower cost and create jobs.

Hydrogen produced under two australian dollars per kilogram is named as a priority technology stretch goal. The Australian Government expects to invest more than 18 billion dollars on low emission technologies over the decade by 2030. Read the full statement here.

 


 

 Filling stations for passenger trains

Hydrogen trains were one of the topics in last week’s news update. This week, Fuel Cell Systems, Vanguard Sustainable Transport Solutions and TP Group have joined forces to deliver hydrogen fuelling solutions to the rail industry. The initial focus will be to deploy a portable, modular refuelling solution.

The UK-based companies will explore opportunities for on-site hydrogen generation, storage, dispensing and fuel cell integration into rail rolling stock. Hydrogen infrastructure will be critical to decarbonise the energy sector.


 

25 MW of electrolysers to Taiwan

John Cockerill, a major player in the production of hydrogen by electrolyser of water, will supply 25 MW of electrolysers for the Taiwanese market. The company reinforces its position among the world leaders of green hydrogen.

The order includes five stacks of five megawatts, for a total capacity of 25 megawatt. The electrolysers will be installed in Taiwan and will serve the semi-conductor’s industry. Hydrogen will be produced at a pace of 5000 Nm3/hour. The electrolysers will be partly fed from renewable energy, preventing an estimated 20 000 tonns of carbon dioxide annual emission.


 

Green light for Nottinghamshire’s hydrogen energy project

C. A. Strawson Farming has secured planning permission for an electrolyser in Nottinghamshire. An 1,25 MW electrolyser will be located at Featherstone House Farm in Bilsthorpe as a part of the project. The electrolyser will use solar and wind energy produced at the farm, and turn water into green hydrogen. The fuel can be used off-site or by the landowner to power hydrogen farm vehicles.


Do you want to be updated on the development in the hydrogen market? Sign up for our news letter here. Contact us for an overview of existing and planned projects in Norway and the world: greensight@greensight.no

Week 38: Hydrogen in politics and in Texas

Moen Marin

Friday and time for hydrogen news. A lot has happened in Norway the last week and we have divided this newsletter into Norwegian news and international news. In today’s letter, you will get an update on Vestfjorden, Pilot-E 2020, FCHO, hydrogen projects in Texas and hydrogen train in Vienna.

Norwegian hydrogen news

Update on Vestfjorden

Last week, the big discussion in Norway was whether the tender on the Vestfjorden ferry connection, between Bodø and Lofoten, should be based on hydrogen or biogas. A lot has happened since last week’s newsletter and here is a summary:

Finn Nordmo, CEO of Glomfjord Hydrogen, Jon Andre Løkke, board member of Glomfjord Hydrogen and Christian Tomsen, Managing Director of Air Liquide Nordic Countries, published a good article expressing their opinions on the topic. They expressed that ferries on Vestfjorden would be the perfect project to catalyze a hydrogen industry in Norway. The partnership Glomfjord Hydrogen and Air Liquide is a strong candidate to provide liquid hydrogen to the new ferries.

Greensight has talked to CEO of Glomfjord Hydrogen, Finn Nordmo, and he expressed that “If the new tender for the Vestfjorden ferries becomes hydrogen-based, Glomfjord Hydrogen could also provide easy access to hydrogen, both liquid and compressed, for the other hydrogen projects in the Bodø region.“

These are some of the projects in the region Nordmo refers to:

  • Port of Bodø for bunkering ferries and high-speed passenger ferries
  • Test of hydrogen planes at Bodø Airport
  • Emission free construction sites for the New City – New Airport project
  • Hydrogen fueling stations providing hydrogen to fuel cell vehicles in Bodø
  • Hydrogen in aquaculture
  • Test of hydrogen trains on the northernmost part of Nordlandsbanen (Saltenpendelen)

If the ferry tender instead becomes biogas-based, the establishing of hydrogen production in Glomfjord is much more unsure, and all the other hydrogen projects might also lose their access.

Last week ended with new hope for Glomfjord Hydrogen when Prime Minister Erna Solberg presented her political party’s (Høyre) next year’s party program. She made it clear that Høyre is aiming for hydrogen and wanted to facilitate hydrogen in transport and industry.

ferge hydrogen vestfjorden
Todays ferry in Vestfjorden. Source: Torghatten Nord

Pilot-E

Wednesday was the deadline for applicants for financial support from the Norwegian Pilot-E 2020 announcement. Pilot-E 2020 announce financial support projects towards maritime zero-emission transport and climate-neutral industry. One of the consortiums applying wants to develop a boat powered by renewable hydrogen for use in Midnorsk fish farm.

 The consortium includes Moen marine, Moen verft, H2 Marine, NTE and Sintef. To save costs for fish farm owners, the concept utilizes oxygen from the electrolysis, as oxygen is needed in young fish aquacultures. The synergy between hydrogen- and oxygen production will reduce the cost of hydrogen, according to the companies.


International Hydrogen News

Platform for up-to-date information about the hydrogen and fuel cells sector

For those who are interested in data regarding the hydrogen market will find it interesting that on Tuesday 15.sep The Fuel Cell Hydrogen observatory (FCHO) was launched. FCH Observatory is designed to be the go-to source of data and up to date information about the entire hydrogen sector. It focuses on technology and market statistics, socio-economic indicators, policy and regulation, as well as financial support. The tool represents the data in a user-friendly format. The observatory is funded by the “The Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking” (FCH JU) and is created for the use of policy makers, industry stakeholders and the general public equally.

 

Large hydrogen project in Texas

A large hydrogen U.S. Department of Energy project, demonstration and framework for H2@scale in Texas and Beyond, was launched this week. The project is led by Frontier Energy in close collaboration with GTI and the University of Texas at Austin.

The project is about conducting two related projects. The two projects are:

  • Hydrogen production with electrolysis from wind and solar power, but also form natural gas reforming form a Texas landfill. The hydrogen will provide power to Texas Advanced Computing center and a hydrogen fueling station to fuel a fleet of the fuel cell car Toyota Mirai
  • A feasibility study for scaling up hydrogen production and use. The study will examine relevant information so that the industry can develop a strategic action plan to present for policy makers to enable heavy-duty fuel cell transportation and anergy systems.

 

Hydrogen test train in Vienna

Austria became the third country testing hydrogen last Friday. The test train is a passenger train located in Vienna and will be testing hydrogen from September to November. Germany and UK were the first two countries testing hydrogen trains and the successful result is the background for testing hydrogen in Austria. Germany has so far driven 180 000 km with hydrogen trains and is planning to change 14 of today’s diesel trains to hydrogen. Italy is next in line testing hydrogen trains. They are planning to start testing in 2021.

Do you want to be updated on the development in the hydrogen market? Sign up for our news letter here. Contact us for an overview of existing and planned projects in Norway and the world: greensight@greensight.no

Week 37: Hydrogen and maritime sector

hydrogen maritime sector transport

Hydrogen in the maritime sector is on the agenda this week. The Norwegian Public Roads Administration recommends hydrogen for the ferries on the Vestfjorden-connection, but the Government has not made a decision yet. We can also read about overwhelming interest by shipping companies for a hydrogen bulkcarrier for Norwegian companies, while Ballard introduces a maritime FC-module to power ships. Lastly we’ll have a look at million dollars funding in California and a wind project in Denmark. 

 

Hydrogen or biogas in Vestfjorden?

Statens Vegvesen (The Norwegian Public Roads Administration) is ready to present a tender on four new hydrogen ferries on the Vestfjorden-connection (connecting the city of Bodø with the famous Lofoten Islands) from 2023. However, the Norwegian Government wants to examine the use of biogas as well before they make any decisions. The Ministry of Transport has not concluded yet, but a conclusion is expected during September. The importance of hydrogen is emphasised in the newly presented Norwegian Hydrogen Strategy, and it has been questioned that the Government does not follow their own strategy and goes all in on biogas on the connection.

This is an important decission for the hydrogen future in Norway. Use of hydrogen can give advantages in the hydrogen market, especially in the maritime sector, and the Vestfjorden-connection can be the second connection with hydrogen ferries in Norway. Todays’ contract on the connection expires in the end of 2022.

ferge hydrogen vestfjorden

MF Landegode, one of the four LNG-ferries operating the rough Vestfjorden-connection today. Source: Torghatten Nord


Hydrogen ferries in Vestfjorden – comments by Zero

Hydrogen ferries in Vestfjorden should be the start of the Norwegian hydrogen investment, and it will be an important step to ensure a hydrogen value chain in Norway. The organisation Zero says that a hydrogen powered connection over Vestfjorden will ensure a large enough volume of hydrogen to get the first large-scale hydrogen production in operation.

The hydrogen ferries will be the first of many projects within hydrogen in maritime and transport sector. The demand on zero-emission in the ferry tenders has put the Norwegian maritime cluster in a world leading position within green technology. Zero supports The Norwegian Public Roads Administration’s recommendation with hydrogen in Vestfjorden, and the Government should do the same. 


 

Overwhelming interest for hydrogen bulkcarrier

Felleskjøpet Agri and Heidelberg Cement challenges shipping companies to new thinking  and  zero-emission bulkcarriersIn practice, shipowners have to go for liquid hydrogen or ammonia produced with zero emissions, and the response has been overwhelming, according to the companies. 

The use of  biofuel in 50 years old diesel engine technologies is not innovative enough for the companies, according to the Chartering Manager of Heidelberg Cement North Europe. Felleskjøpet Agri and Heidelberg Cement announced in July that they will offer a 20 years contract to the shipping company that can offer them a zero emission bulkcarrier by 2023. They will choose the best suited shipping company by December, for further development of detailed solutions in spring 2021.

Heidelberg Cement is transporting 500 000 tons of stones and gravels from Western to Eastern Norway, while Felleskjøpet Agri transports grains the opposite direction. The ship is calculated to use one ton of hydrogen each day, with possible bunkering opportunities in Rogaland County or in the Oslo Fjord.


 

Ballard introduces zero-emission FC-module to power ships

This week Ballard Power Systems announced the launch of the fuel cell industry´s first module designed for primary propulsion power in marine vessels. The fuell cell product FCwave is a 200 kW module unit that can be scaled up to muli-megawatt power level.

The FCwave can be used to power marine vessels such as passenger and car ferries, river push boats and fishing boats. It can also be used as stationary electrical power to support hotel and auxiliary load on cruise ships and other vessels while docked at port. The International Maritime Organization has set  targets to lower emissions by 50 percent by 2050 in the marine sector. This product could be a game changer for the introduction of hydrogen to the maritime area.

Hydrogen maritime sector fuelcell

Source: Ballard


 

California approves 39,1 million dollars for hydrogen stations

California Energy Commission regulators have approved 39,1 million dollars of funding for a total of 36 hydrogen stations to service passenger vehicles. The funds were awarded to FirstElement, Iwanti and Shell. Another 87 stations were also recommended for funding, meaning California could have 123 new hydrogen stations. The state has currently 42 hydrogen stations opened. 


 

Wind-to-Hydrogen project  one step closer to production

Siemens Gamesa is partnering up with Green Hydrogen Systems (GHS) for a wind-to-hydrogen project in Denmark. The production of hydrogen is scheduled to start in January 2021 and the project involves a three megawatt Siemens wind turbine that will power a GHS elecrolyser.

The green hydrogen will be stored and used for subsequent distribution and used as fuel for hydrogen-powered buses, taxis and cars, while the oxygen will be released into the atmosphere.


Do you want to be updated on the development in the hydrogen market? Sign up for our news letter here. Contact us for an overview of existing and planned projects in Norway and the world: greensight@greensight.no

Green hydrogen production facility

Week 36: Hydrogen Production and Infrastructure

Green hydrogen production facility

It is finally friday and it is time for an update on the hydrogen market. We are gaining more and more international readers, and from this week we will write the news in English to reach a broader audience. First out in this weeks update is HyFuel aiming for establishing of a hydrogen production plant in Florø. We can also read about planned hydrogen production facilities abroad, Norwegian companies that want to build a dual-cable for hydrogen and electricity, and ZERO’s  challenge to Norwegian Government.

 

Joint venture for hydrogen in Florø, Norway

INC Invest AS and Sogn og Fjordane Energi AS have founded the company HyFuel aiming for establishing of a hydrogen production plant in Fjord Base in Florø. The building of the plant at Fjord Base is planned to commence during 2021. The company will supply  hydrogen and Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier (LOHC) to the maritime industry in Norway and internationally.

HyFuel will develop, own and operate the plant for the production of hydrogen and LOHC, as well as the delivery and utilisation of the by-products oxygen and heat. Gasnor is invited to be an equal co-owner of the company.


 

Green hydrogen facility in North Sea Port

VOLTH2 will build a green hydrogen plant with storage, refuelling and distribution facilities in North Sea Port in Vlissingen, Netherlands. The company envisages the construction of a 25 MW electrolysis unit with production capacity of 3600 tonnes of green hydrogen annually.

Local filling stations can also be supplied by the integrated hydrogen storage. The facility can in the long term be expanded up to 100 MW with a potential of 14 000 tonnes green hydrogen annually.

green hydrogen production

Source: VOLTH2


 

Largest PEM electrolyser in the United States

Cummins Inc., global technology and power solution provider, will provide its five megawatt PEM electrolyser to enable renewable hydrogen for the Douglas County Public Utility District in Washington state. The electrolyser is expected to be operational in 2021 at the Baker Flats Industrial Park. The electrolyser will be powered by hydroelectricity producing green hydrogen with no emissions.

The new green hydrogen facility allows Douglas County PUD to manufacture commercial hydrogen using electrolysis to harvest hydrogen from water from Wells Dam on Columbia River. They want to store the excess energy that they would typically sell off to the market at a financial loss, or not harness at all. The hydrogen also creates new market opportunities outside their typical service area.


 

Dual delivery of hydrogen and electricity from offshore parks

Nexans and Sintef want to make a submarine cable with dual delivery of hydrogen and electricity. The project goes under the name Hydro-El, and the companies wants to make a dynamic system that can transport both hydrogen and electricity. They want to make a movable umbilical (a control cable). There is no offshore infrastructure for hydrogen transport today. Usually hydrogen is transported by pipes onshore or by ship.

There are several challenges transporting hydrogen: both hydrogen embrittlement and ocean motions has to be considered in the design of the cable. An umbilical is built of several smaller individual elements that are twisted together to make it more flexible. Submarine cables are one of six attractive business areas in Norway, according to the newly presented NHO’s report from last weeks news.


 

Hydrogen can cut millions of tons of CO2

ZERO present three points that has to be implemented to realise hydrogen projects: Tools for new value chains in the industry, a market for zero emissions materials, and a strategic commitment in the Norwegian climate policy.

The worlds first pilot project for zero emission steel production opened last week, and many important hydrogen projects is planned in Norway as well. The risk of such projects are reduced through financial support, development of value chains, access to risk capital and greener export financing. ZERO is challenging the Norwegian government and policy makers to exploit the opportunity to make a business of the Norwegian climate policy, emphasising hydrogen as an obvious opportunity.


Do you want to be updated on the development in the hydrogen market? Sign up for our news letter here. Contact us for an overview of existing and planned projects in Norway and the world: greensight@greensight.no